How Did We
Fulani main diet consisted of milk, butter and cheese.
Cattle are consumed only for ceremonial occasions. The
nomadic Fulani family consisted of the man, his wife and
children. The men are responsible for herding cattle,
treating illness, making traveling arrangements and
attending to political affairs, while the wife’s
responsibilities are preparing meals, milking cows, making
butter, cheese, clothes and blankets. The boys helped their
father with herding and the girls help their mother. The
Fulani people were the first group to embrace Islam, and
help the spread of Islam throughout West and Central Africa.
The settled Fulani also believe that they are descendants of
Abraham and believe in a supernatural god who created
everything, and follows a strict moral Muslim code. Some
Fulani people live in villages and towns, where they are
farmers, and some still raise cattle, do trading and runs
the communities. Some intermingled and married into other
The settled Sokoto Fulanis (the Toroobe, or
ruling class) are very influential and live in cities and
towns wherein they are tax collectors, government workers
and municipal rulers. They are usually educated and dominate
the leadership of Islam. Some still own cattle but their
interest is in religion, education, and administrative law.
They believe in education for their children. They do not
believe in the afterlife. They believe that through their
sons, their name and feature will remain.