How Did We
The Fulani people, also known as the Fulbe, Peul, Fula and
Fellata, is the largest nomadic and semi nomadic group in
the world. They are believed to have originated from North
Africa, The Nile Valley, or The Middle East, and migrated
into West Africa. The Fulaniís have sub groups such as, the
Haabe, the Bororo, the Toroobe, the Sokoto, and the Wodaabe.
Some are sedentary. They are said to be distinct in features
from most of their African neighbors. They have longer
faces, thinner noses, lips, longer hair, and some have
lighter skin tones. Another difference from other African
neighbors is that the Fulani have a huge respect for beauty.
Appearance is very important to them, and they spend a great
deal of time with adornments, jewelry, beads, tattoos, and
of course with lavish hair styles and decorations.
The Fulani are grouped according to
location, occupation and dialect. The Fulani hold to a caste
system of four subdivisions, nobility, merchants,
blacksmiths, and descendants of slaves of the wealthy
Fulani. A few hundred years ago, some Fulani conquered the
Hausa of northern Nigeria, and today still dominate the
Hausa, but have adopted the language and customs of the
The nomadic Fulani believes that work compromises their
freedom and is beneath them, unless it is directly related
to their herds. Their cattle are most important to them for
cattle represents their wealth. They travel in small family
groups in search of grazing land for their cattle and
camels. Grazing their cattle often caused conflicts with
some of the farmers as the cattle sometimes went into the
fields and ate their crops.